International Forum for Child Welfare (IFCW), "Position Paper: Migrant Children and Youth: A Global Crisis", To be presented October 17, 2013. (See the Position Paper) 

Fairbairn, Jordan et al "Sexual Violence and Social Media: Building a Framework for Prevention" Crime Prevention Ottawa. August 2013. See Crime Prevention Ottawa accompanying videos here

Sarlo, Christopher A. "The Cost of Raising Children" Fraser Institute, September 2013. Released August 22, 2012.

Recommendations for Canada from the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in Youth Friendly language
Summary: This document is a summary of the recommendations (Concluding Observations) that the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC Committee) has made for the Government of Canada to make sure that all children in Canada under the age of 18 have all the rights listed in the Convention.

Author: UNICEF Canada & the Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children & Youth, Ontario (Report in English) (Rapport en français)

"UNICEF Report Card 11: Child Well-Being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview" .

The latest in UNICEF’s Report Card series, Measuring Child Poverty, compares the level of child well-being across the world’s twenty-nine richest nations. Some countries are achieving much more for children than others.  (Report in English) (Rapport en français)

Author: Peter Adamson, UNICEF

"Alberta's Social Policy Framework" 

Premier Redford joined community members to launch and adopt Alberta's Social Policy Framework, which was designed by and for Albertans. It reflects a clear vision of Alberta's future, identifies outcomes and strategies to achieve them, and will guide how Albertans will work together to acheive the results Albertans expect. (Full report

Author: Alberta Human Services, February 2013 

"Much More Than Paperwork: Proper Planning Essential to Better Lives for B.C.’s Children in Care"

The report is an audit on plans of care for children in the long-term care of government. Among other things, it found that only five per cent of plans of care audited by RCY met the Ministry for Children and Family Development’s own standards. Released by the Representative for Children and Youth Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond on March 27, 2013. (Full report)

Author: British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

"Speaking freely. Children and young people in Europe talk about ending violence against children in custody"

Presents the views of over 120 children and young people across Europe on violence in custody and their suggestions for reform. January 2013.  ( Campaign report - 48 pages) (Research report - 64 pages)

Author: Children’s Rights Alliance for England (CRAE)

"The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: a study of legal implementation in 12 countries"

UNICEF UK has published "The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: a study of legal implementation in 12 countries", which looks in countries beyond the UK in order to compile evidence of the most effective and impactful ways of embedding children’s rights into domestic law. The 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Sweden) were chosen to demonstrate the variety of ways in which different places have provided for children’s rights at the national level by taking steps to implement the Convention. (Full report)


Author: UNICEF UK - Laura Lundy, Ursula Kilkelly, Bronagh Byrne and Jason Kang

"Global Campaign for Violence Prevention: Plan of Action for 2012-2020"

This Plan of Action for the Global Campaign for Violence Prevention (GCVP) aims to unify the efforts of the main actors in international violence prevention and identify a small set of priorities for the field. The Plan of Action presents six (6) national level goals towards which violence prevention efforts can be directed. The objective of the GCVP in the coming years will be to support the achievement of these goals in countries around the world. (Full report)

Authors: Dr Alexander Butchart, Dr Christopher Mikton and Ms Berit Kieselbach of WHO's Prevention of Violence Team, on behalf of the Violence Prevention Alliance

"Young Carers in Canada: The Hidden Costs and Benefits of Young Caregiving"

There are times when adults in Canadian families are unable to care for themselves or provide care for others due to illness, injury or disability. As a result, they need help with daily activities, ranging from the basics such as eating, dressing or taking medications to the more complex tasks of financial planning and navigating the health care system. (Full report)

Authors: Grant Charles, Tim Stainton & Sheila Marshall, School of Social Work, University of British Colombia

"UNICEF Report Card 10: Measuring Child Poverty"

The latest in UNICEF’s Report Card series, Measuring Child Poverty, compares child poverty across the world’s affluent nations. It finds that some industrialized countries are more successful than others in lifting children out of poverty, despite having similar economic performance, even in challenging economic times. (Full report)

Author: Peter Adamson, UNICEF


"Progress for Children: A Report Card for Adolescents"

This report examines the lives and prospects of the 1.2 billion adolescents in the world using latest available statistical data from a variety of sources, including UNICEF’s own databases. It finds that adolescents remain vulnerable in many key areas, despite having benefited from investments in programmes and policies for younger children. (Full report)

Author: UNICEF 

"Every Child’s Right to be Heard: A Resource Guide on the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment No. 12"

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1989, included a provision that introduced a right of all children capable of forming a view to be heard and to be taken seriously. The provision is outlined in Article 12 of the Convention. Published by Save the Children UK on behalf of Save the Children and UNICEF. (Full Report)

Author: Gerison Lansdown 

"Perceived Social Norms, Expectations, and Attitudes toward Corporal Punishment among an Urban Community Sample of Parents"

Despite the fact that corporal punishment (CP) is a significant risk factor for increased aggression in children, child physical abuse victimization, and other poor outcomes, approval of CP remains high in the United States. The Theory of Planned Behavior suggests that parents’ perceived injunctive and descriptive social norms and expectations regarding CP use might be linked with CP attitudes and behavior. (Full Article)

Authors: Catherine A. Taylor, Lauren Hamvas, Janet Rice, Denise L. Newman, and William DeJong

First Nations, Métis and Inuit Children and Youth: Time to Act

The report provides a portrait of Aboriginal peoples from the perspective of the communities and social connections on which children and youth depend. The report also provides examples of what is working and recommendations for the way forward.

National Council on Welfare
Additional Resources

Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children Briefing

Violence in its myriad forms is universally condemned under international human rights law. But corporal punishment is a form of violence that persists in the everyday lives of children worldwide. Children continue to experience violence in the home, schools, and care and juvenile justice systems, inflicted in the name of “discipline” or “correction” and condoned, authorised and regulated in domestic laws.

Additional Resources

Guidelines for the Alternative Care for Children

The Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children were borne from a recognition of significant gaps in the implementation of the UNCRC for millions of children worldwide either without, or at risk of losing, parental care. The Guidelines outline the need for relevant policy and practice with respect to two basic principles: necessity and appropriateness. At the heart of necessity we find the desire to support children to remain with, and be cared for by, their family. Removing any child from his/her family should be a measure of last resort, and before any such decision is taken, a rigorous participatory assessment is required. Concerning appropriateness, the Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children define a range of suitable alternative care options. Each child in need of alternative care has specific requirements with respect to, for example, short or long-term care or keeping siblings together. The care option chosen has to be tailored to individual needs. The suitability of the placement should be regularly reviewed to assess the continued necessity of providing alternative care, and the viability of potential reunification with the family.

SOS Children's Villages International
Internatinal Social Service
United Nations
Additional Resources

Hand-in-Hand: A Review of First Nations Child Welfare in New Brunswick

The Ombudsman and Child and Youth Advocate in New Brunswick has recommended sweeping changes to the child welfare system on First Nations, reducing the number of agencies to three from the current 11.
He called for the establishment of a single First Nations Child and Family Services Office that would provide financial and administrative functions to the three agencies, and made recommendations related to funding, governance, service delivery standards, training and accountability.
He also delved into the deep-seated issues affecting First Nations communities, such as poverty, drug addictions, domestic violence, and the erosion of the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet cultures and languages.
Ombudmsan of New Brunswick
Government of New Brunswick
Additional Resources

Health Care Utilization and Costs Associated with Child Abuse

Child abuse is associated with longterm elevated health care use and costs, particularly for women who suffer both physical and sexual abuse.Significantly higher annual health care use and costs were observed for women with a child abuse history compared to women without comparable abuse histories. The most pronounced use and costs were observed for women with a history of both physical and sexual child abuse.

Additional Resources

Healthy Children, Healthy Communities Action Tookit for Positive Change

The activities presented in this manual let children and youth talk frankly about their social world; explore and understand health from a holistic perspective; identify key health challenges and issues that concern them; propose creative and innovative solutions to these challenges; and work collaboratively with community members of all ages and backgrounds to bring these solutions to life. Available for free by contacting UNAC.

Manual for estimating the economic costs of injuries due to interpersonal and self-directed violence The manual reflects input from violence and injury costing experts from around the world. It provides simple, systematic guidance on how to measure: (1) direct medical costs arising from violence-related injuries and deaths, such as the costs of hospitalization, of outpatient visits and of transport to hospital; and (2) indirect costs, specifically productivity losses, arising because of violence-related injuries and deaths. Available for download.

United Nations Association in Canada (UNAC)
Additional Resources

Human Trafficking in Canada

This booklet is for anyone who wants to learn more about human trafficking. It is for community leaders, teachers and students who want to help their communities learn more about this issue. It is also for people in social service or health care roles who may come into contact with victims of human trafficking.
This booklet gives a brief overview of:
• what is known about human trafficking
• what the law says about it
• what Canada is doing about it
• what you can do
• where you can find more information.


The People's Law School
The People's Law School
Additional Resources

Improving the Health of Canadians: Exploring Positive Mental Health

This publication brings together available information and data analyses that look at one way of defining positive mental health, how we currently measure it, its role in health, the factors associated with high levels of positive mental health and what strategies are, or may be, effective at promoting mental health at a population level.

Canadian Institute for Health Research
Additional Resources

Improving the Health of Canadians: Mental Health, Delinquency and Criminal Activity: Workshop Proceedings Report

This product documents a Canadian Population Health Initiative (CPHI) workshop, held in collaboration with Alberta Health Services (AHS), which focused on issues related to mental health, delinquency, criminal activity and inter-sectoral collaboration. The product summarizes workshop discussions and represents the cross-sectoral consensus reached by participants from varied researcher, practitioner and decision-maker groups. It includes synopses of speaker contributions, and syntheses of points arising from participant dialogue around success stories, challenges and next steps for research, policy and practice.

Andrew Taylor, Canadian Institute for Health Information
Canadian Institute for Health Information
Additional Resources

Improving the Health of Canadians: Mental Health, Delinquincy and Criminal Activity

The study presents new analyses of the latest research, surveys and policy initiatives across Canada related to mental health and criminal behaviour among youth and adults.

Canadian Institute for Health Information
Additional Resources




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